Criminology and Laws

Criminology is the relevant research of law enforcing criminal equity. Its causes, reactions, and technique for prevention by law requirement. Criminology is a subgroup of sociology that means it is a logical search of social behavior. A person who is looking for a career in criminal law will probably first try to gain a criminology degree.

Law is a set of rules which deals with agreement, relationship, or crime. The idea of law is to keep society free from the crimes and law agreement. A legal code executed for a relaxed system. Generally, it deals with like police, court, or discipline. 

There are four different types of law in the law field. Criminal, civil, standard, and statute are the common law in the world.


Italian law professor Raffaele Garofalo first described the term Criminology as Criminologia in 1885. Criminology is a part of sociology. Criminology has recognized as a logical order in its own right. Criminology itself has some subgroups. Criminology concentrates on some of the particular areas. These areas are the frequency of crimes, location, causes, types of crimes, and many more. The goal of criminology is to determine the root causes of criminal behavior. To develop responsible and kind means for preventing crimes.


There are different types of methods of criminology. It developed throughout the past 250 years. There are three primary schools of thought of criminology. Three primary schools of thought are describing below.

  1. Classical school of theories: It is a type of methods where individuals have the freedom to make choices. People will look for delight and avoid pain. Punishment can be used to determine crime, and discipline must be equal to the crimes.
  2. Positivist school theories: Positivist school apply the logical method to the study of human conduct. It served in the field of criminology as a support and respected logical order.
  3. Chicago school theories: Chicago school is also known as ecological school and first developed in the early 1920s. The first theory of this school is too difficult for human behavior partially. It determined by social structure.  


Law is a system of principles that created and authorized by social or government to regulate behavior. It has been characterized both as the study of equity and the art of justice. Law regulates and ensures individuals stick to the desire of the state. 

The meaning of law is a rule of conduct created by the government or society over a specific region. Law follows certain practices and customs to deal with crime. The judge controls and implemented by the controlling position.


There are different legal theories of law in the world. Natural, Positive, Marxist, and Realist Law theories are the primary law theories of law. These major law theories discussed below.

  1. Natural Law Theory: Natural law theory is one of the earliest law theories. It developed in Greece. This law provides a person to control the relations within a society. 
  2. Positive Law Theory: Positive law theory is also called the analyst's law theory. This law indicates the rule made and enforced by the sovereign body of the state. 
  3. Marxist Law Theory: Marxist theory is one of the significant law theories in law. This theory based on arguments on the fact that there was neither law nor primitive state society.
  4. Realist Theory of Law: This law theory provides that code is what the judge decides in court. According to this theory, rules not to solve practical cases.


Law is a set of rules for the crimes and agreement. Criminology is the root causes of criminal behaviors. The main difference between is that law focus on criminal behavior and law, including courtroom procedures.  

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